Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a form of assisted conception. During IUI, your doctor will place washed, prepared sperm into your uterus (womb) and near to your egg at your time of ovulation. The hoped for outcome of intrauterine insemination is for the sperm to swim into the fallopian tube and fertilize a waiting egg, resulting in a normal pregnancy. Depending on the reasons for infertility, IUI can be coordinated with your normal cycle or with fertility medications.This procedure is often combined with fertility drugs to increase your chances of conceiving.
The IUI procedure can be an effective treatment for some causes of infertility in women under age 41. It is not effective for couples with:
Tubal blockage or severe tubal damage
Ovarian failure (menopause)
Severe male factor infertility
Cervical scar tissue from past procedures which may hinder the sperms’ ability to enter the uterus
How well IUI tratement Works:
Treatment success is strongly influenced by a woman's age (an aging egg supply decreases pregnancy rate, and miscarriage risk increases with age).
For couples with unexplained infertility, intrauterine insemination can improve the chances of becoming pregnant when combined with superovulation treatment.
If a man's sperm are absent, low in quantity, or poor in quality, intrauterine insemination may slightly improve the chances-by up to 10%-that the female partner will become pregnant.
women who have at least one normal healthy Fallopian tube, to allow the sperm and ovulated egg to meet and for fertilisation to occur
women with cervical mucus problems which may prevent sperm from entering the uterus